Daniel Carl Solander was a Swedish naturalist, born in Piteå, Sweden, the son of a Lutheran rector. The greatest of Linnaeus’ students, Solander travelled to England in 1760 to promote his teacher’s new system of classification. Solander was a charming man who quickly became popular with the English aristocracy. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1764 and appointed Keeper of Printed Books at the British Museum. In 1768 he boarded the Endeavour with his close friend Joseph Banks to participate in James Cook's voyage of discovery to Australia and New Zealand. With enormous energy, Solander made the first scientific descriptions of Australasia’s most famous animals, including the kangaroo. Arguably a father of Australasian zoology, this country boy from Sweden had an immense impact on generations of future scientists. He and Banks continued their partnership for many years to come, one of the most fruitful in scientific history. Solander spent the rest of his life in England, dying there in 1782.
In Sweden, Solander's memory is kept alive by the Solander Society.